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Native trees of California.

There are so many native trees in California. I'll try to cover the basics so you can get a feel for what is native in the state and what you can choose from in the trade.
Fir trees are native to the middle to higher elevations or higher rainfall areas of California. Native fir trees do ok in most California gardens with extra water. BUT, they are slowww. I had a customer decades ago that had one in a half of wine barrel and moved it in for Christmas each year, worked for about twenty years.
Acer macrophyllum, Big Leaf Maple tree. - grid24_12
Acer macrophyllum, Big Leaf Maple
Box Elder tree,  Acer negundo californicum with fall color in fog. - grid24_12
Acer negundo, californicum, California Box Elder
Box elder male flowers - grid24_12
Acer negundo californicum, Bert's Toy Box
Betula occidentalis, Water Birch, in early spring with its pendent catkins (flower clusters).  - grid24_12
Betula occidentalis, Water Birch

The Palo Verdes are different. The C. floridum grows in desert washes, the C. microphyllum grows on hillsides. Both are cool trees.

Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis as a small tree. - grid24_12
Cercis occidentalis, Western Redbud
A young tree of Chilopsis linearis, Desert Willow, in the Santa Margarita nursery garden. - grid24_12
Chilopsis linearis, Desert Willow
Pacific or Western Dogwood, Cornus nuttallii - grid24_12
Cornus nuttallii, Western Dogwood
Corylus cornuta californica, Western Hazelnut in the Sierras. This was a 30 ft. tree in a little forest of Hazel nuts. - grid24_12
Corylus cornuta californica, Western Hazelnut
Crataegus douglasii Western Thorn Apple - grid24_12
Crataegus douglasii, Western Thorn Apple
Cupressus bakeri, the Modoc Cypress, Siskiyou Cypress or Baker Cypress - grid24_12
Cupressus bakeri,
Cupressus forbesii, Tecate Cypress as a  hedge row. No water and the little trees look decent. Reports of 15 ft. in 3 years. - grid24_12
Cupressus forbesii, Tecate Cypress

Cupressus goveniana ssp. goveniana, Gowen Cypress
Gowen Cupress smells like lemon. - grid24_12
Looking up into a Cupressus macnabiana, MacNab cypress tree. - grid24_12
Cupressus macnabiana
Cupressus macrocarpa, or Monterey cypress will grow right on coastal bluffs. It gets beat up, but usually survives. - grid24_12
Cupressus macrocarpa, Monterey Cypress
Cupressus nevadensis, Piute Cypress could be used as a gray hedge. - grid24_12
Cupressus nevadensis, Piute Cypress
A Cupressus sargentii,  Sargent Cypress tree on top of Cuesta  Ridge north of San Luis Obispo - grid24_12
Cupressus sargentii, Sarget Cypress
Juglans californica, California Black walnut in the wild. - grid24_12
Juglans californica, California Walnut
Here is a nice specimen  of Juglans hindsii, Northern California Walnut in the Santa Margarita garden.  - grid24_12
Juglans hindsii,Northern California walnut
Juniperus californica, California Juniper tree - grid24_12
Juniperus californica, California Juniper
This pretty western Juniper tree was at about 9000 feet in the San Bernardino range. - grid24_12
Juniperus occidentalis, Western Juniper
Libocedrus decurrens,  Incense Cedar up in the Sierras. - grid24_12
Libocedrus decurrens, Incense Cedar
Catalina Ironwood, Lyonothamnus floribundus - grid24_12
Lyonothamnus floribundus ssp. asplenifolius, Catalinia Ironwood
This is a specimen of Pinus attenuata, Knobcone Pine, in its native habitat in central California, of mixed evergreen forest.  - grid24_12
Pinus attenuata, Knobcone Pine

Picea engelmannii, Engelmann Spruce(no image)
Pinus attenuataXradiata - grid24_12
Pinus attenuataXradiata Monty Knob
Pinus lambertiana, Sugar Pine, is one of the largest pines in America.  - grid24_12
Pinus lambertiana, Sugar Pine
A Bristle cone pine forest - grid24_12

Pinus longaeva, Bristlecone Pine
Pinus monophylla and  Arctostaphylos parryana as a groundcover. - grid24_12
Pinus monophylla, Pinyon Pine
Pinus muricata, Bishop Pine, is found on the coast and in the coastal mountains from forests to chaparral.  - grid24_12
Pinus muricata, Bishop Pine
Lodgepole pine trees, I think, at 7500 ft. in the Sierra - grid24_12
Pinus murrayana, Lodgepole Pine
This Ponderosa Pine is about 20 years old. - grid24_12
Pinus ponderosa, Ponderosa Pine
Pinus quadrifolia, Parry Pinyon, a very slow growing pine, in the nursery at Santa Margarita, California. - grid24_12
Pinus quadrifolia, Parry Pinyon
Pinus radiata,  Monterey Pine,  is a popular tree in California landscapes, though it grows best along the immediate coast.  - grid24_12
Pinus radiata, Monterey Pine
Edge of Cambrian pine forest - grid24_12
Pinus radiata macrocarpa, Cambria Pine
Pinus remorata, Santa Cruz Island Bishop Pine, or Pinus muricata, is a closed-cone pine.  - grid24_12
Pinus remorata, Island Bishop Pine
Pinus washoensis, Washoe Pine(no photo)
A young digger pine - grid24_12
Pinus sabiniana,Gray Pine
Pinus torreyana, Torrey Pine, is photographed in this photo, at Torrey Pines State Park, California.  - grid24_12
Pinus torreyana, Torrey Pine
A young Fremont Cottonwood, Populus fremontii tree - grid24_12
Populus fremontii, Western Cottonwood
Populus tremuloides, Quaking aspen at 7400 ft. in the Sierras - grid24_12
Populus tremuloides, Quaking Aspen
A ticket of Black Cottonwood, Populus trichocarpa - grid24_12
Populus trichocarpa, Black Cottonwood
California forests are very diverse. The trees can range from desert Joshua Trees to Redwood forests. The cover photo shows Lodgepole Pines that are native in the Eastern Sierras.
Quercus chrysolepis, Canyon Live Oak between Big Bear and Lucerne  along a stream at 5000 ft. - grid24_12
Quercus chrysolepis, White live Oak
Quercus-cornelius-mulleri as a tree along Hwy. 18 North of Big Bear. This oak is native to much of interior Southern California. - grid24_12
Quercus cornelius-mulleri, Mullers Scrub Oak
Quercus douglasii,  Blue Oak tree, old and leaning. - grid24_12
Quercus douglasii, Blue Oak

Quercus dunnii (no image)
Engelmann Oak, Quercus engelmannii  - grid24_12
Quercus engelmannii, Mesa Oak
Garry Oak , also known as Oregon White Oak or Oregon Oak, Quercus garryana - grid24_12
Quercus garryana, White oak
a young Quercus turbinella - grid24_12
Quercus john-tuckeri, Tuckers Oak
Quercus kelloggii, Black oak - grid24_12
Quercus kelloggii, Kellogg Oak
A valley oak, Quercus lobata, going deciduous - grid24_12
Quercus lobata, White Oak
Island Oak, Quercus tomentella is native to  the Channel Islands - grid24_12
Quercus tomentella, Island Oak
Leaves of Quercus wislizenii,  Interior Live Oak. - grid24_12
Quercus wislizenii, Interior Live Oak
Salix goodingii, San Joaquin Willow in Kern River - grid24_12
Salix gooddingii, San Joaquin Willow
Salix laevigata Red Willow - grid24_12
Salix laevigata, Red Willow
Salix lasiandra Pacific willow - grid24_12
Salix lasiandra, Pacific willow
Salix lasiolepis, Arroyo Willow, as bush - grid24_12
Salix lasiolepis, Arroyo Willow

Salix melanopsis, Longleaf Willow(no image)
Looking up into the Coastal redwoods along the California north coast.  California's Coastal Redwood forest  is  dominated by Sequoia sempervirens - grid24_12
Sequoia sempervirens, Coast Redwood
Sequoiadendron giganteum, Giant Redwood in a Big Bear garden.Turns brown every winter, green in spring, gray in fall. - grid24_12
Sequoiadendron giganteum, Giant Sequoia
Shepherdia argentea Silver Buffaloberry - grid24_12
Shepherdia argentea, Silver Buffaloberry
Staphylea bolanderi Bladder Nut - grid24_12
Staphylea bolanderi, Bladder Nut
California Nutmeg, Torreya californica - grid24_12
Torreya californica, California Nutmeg
California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera) - grid24_12
Washingtonia filifera, California Fan Palm
Joshua tree, Yucca brevifolia in Kelso Valley. - grid24_12
Yucca brevifolia, Joshua Tree
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Copyright 1992-2014 Las Pilitas Nursery
Edited on Oct 14, 2013. Authors:
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