Some native plants can survive a summer with
no water. Other native plants have most of their flowers when school is
in session. Combining this diversity that you can have
class room activities with native plants and
kids for much of the school year. The plants listed below are as
non-toxic as possible and fairly easy to keep
alive.

From the planning, through planting, growing and studying should be done with the class. Make it an exercise like PE. Measure out the dimensions of the area to be a native garden. Calculate the sq. ft. make sure there is some water source, at least a faucet. discuss all this with the class. Show the class how to plant the garden using the sq. ft. per plant listed below. A simple table adding the subtotal sq. ft. for each group of plants should be something the kids can understand as soon as they can multiply.(see examples and bottom of page)

Put the larger plants at the back, or if there is not back in the middle. For less money use the larger sq. ft. plants, bigger area, use more plants.

If you do not have any money, there are some grants out there for school gardens. If that doesn't work, walk the kids over to a section of garden at the school and pretend to replace it. You can do all the activities, pretending to replace the garden and make it into a proposal for the grants.

### Northern California Garden (north of San Luis Obispo)

*Arctostaphylos densiflora Sentinel Manzanita* Sentinel Manzanita
10
sq. feet 3 foot tall

Arctostaphylos Sonoma Manzanita Bush Stanford Manzanita 10 sq. ft. 2 ft. tall

*Artemisia californica* California Sagebrush 10 sq. ft.
2 ft. tall

*Asclepias fascicularis* Narrow leaf Milkweed
3
sq. ft. 2 ft. tall

Ceanothus Snowball 10 sq. ft. 3 ft. tall

Eriogonum parvifolium Cliff Buckwheat 4 sq. ft. 1 ft. tall

Monardella villosa Coyote Mint 1 sq. ft. 1 ft. tall

Penstemon heterophyllus; Foothill Penstemon; 1 sq. ft. 1-2 ft tall

Ribes indecorum White Chaparral Currant 20 sq. ft 5 ft. tall

*Salvia brandegei* Brandegees Sage 8 sq. ft. 2 ft. tall

*Salvia Celestial Blue* Purple Sage 6 sq. ft. 3
ft. tall

Salvia spathacea Hummingbird sage 6 sq. ft.(and spreading)1 ft.tall

Stipa pulchra Purple Needle Grass 1 sq. ft. 1ft. tall

Zauschneria californica(any cultivar) Hummingbird Fuchsia 2 sq. feet 1 ft. tall

### San Joaquin and Southern California Garden (not hardy below
20F)

Arctostaphylos
pungens
Mexican Manzanita 20 sq. ft. 5 ft. tall

*Asclepias fascicularis* Narrowleaf Milkweed 3
sq. ft. 2 ft. tall

Ceanothus oliganthus Hairy-Leaf Ceanothus 20 sq. ft. 5 ft. tall

Eriogonum arborescens Santa Cruz Island Buckwheat 10 sq. ft. 3 ft. tall

Eriogonum fasciculatum California Buckwheat 10 sq. ft. 3 ft. tall

Penstemon spectabilis Showy Penstemon 4 sq. ft. 4 ft. tall

Salvia brandegii Island Black Sage 8 sq. ft. 2 ft. tall

Salvia clevelandii Cleveland Sage 10 sq. ft. 3 ft. tall

Salvia munzii San Diego Sage 8 sq. ft. 2 ft. tall

*Sphaeralcea ambigua* Desert Mallow 4 sq. ft. 2 ft.
tall

Stipa pulchra Purple Needle Grass 1 sq. ft. 1 ft. tall

Zauschneria cana Narrow leaf hummingbird fuchsia 2 sq. ft. 1-2 ft. tall

Zauschneria catalina Island hummingbird fuchsia 2 sq. ft. 2 ft. tall.

### Ideas for class activities

Weed and plant

Make a simple flower key. (you really only need a few different flowers for it to become difficult)

Find an insect on a plant.

Press flowers. Show them how to make a simple plant press.

What insect uses which flower and why (hummingbird, bee, butterfly)

What butterfly larva uses what plant?

Calculate how much water is given the garden and covert that to rainfall. Compare to lawn.

Quizzes

Why are the scientific names in italic? What is the difference between scientific names and common names? How are scientific names created?

From the planning, through planting, growing and studying should be done with the class. Make it an exercise like PE. Measure out the dimensions of the area to be a native garden. Calculate the sq. ft. make sure there is some water source, at least a faucet. discuss all this with the class. Show the class how to plant the garden using the sq. ft. per plant listed below. A simple table adding the subtotal sq. ft. for each group of plants should be something the kids can understand as soon as they can multiply.(see examples and bottom of page)

Put the larger plants at the back, or if there is not back in the middle. For less money use the larger sq. ft. plants, bigger area, use more plants.

If you do not have any money, there are some grants out there for school gardens. If that doesn't work, walk the kids over to a section of garden at the school and pretend to replace it. You can do all the activities, pretending to replace the garden and make it into a proposal for the grants.

Arctostaphylos Sonoma Manzanita Bush Stanford Manzanita 10 sq. ft. 2 ft. tall

Ceanothus Snowball 10 sq. ft. 3 ft. tall

Eriogonum parvifolium Cliff Buckwheat 4 sq. ft. 1 ft. tall

Monardella villosa Coyote Mint 1 sq. ft. 1 ft. tall

Penstemon heterophyllus; Foothill Penstemon; 1 sq. ft. 1-2 ft tall

Ribes indecorum White Chaparral Currant 20 sq. ft 5 ft. tall

Salvia spathacea Hummingbird sage 6 sq. ft.(and spreading)1 ft.tall

Stipa pulchra Purple Needle Grass 1 sq. ft. 1ft. tall

Zauschneria californica(any cultivar) Hummingbird Fuchsia 2 sq. feet 1 ft. tall

Ceanothus oliganthus Hairy-Leaf Ceanothus 20 sq. ft. 5 ft. tall

Eriogonum arborescens Santa Cruz Island Buckwheat 10 sq. ft. 3 ft. tall

Eriogonum fasciculatum California Buckwheat 10 sq. ft. 3 ft. tall

Penstemon spectabilis Showy Penstemon 4 sq. ft. 4 ft. tall

Salvia brandegii Island Black Sage 8 sq. ft. 2 ft. tall

Salvia clevelandii Cleveland Sage 10 sq. ft. 3 ft. tall

Salvia munzii San Diego Sage 8 sq. ft. 2 ft. tall

Stipa pulchra Purple Needle Grass 1 sq. ft. 1 ft. tall

Zauschneria cana Narrow leaf hummingbird fuchsia 2 sq. ft. 1-2 ft. tall

Zauschneria catalina Island hummingbird fuchsia 2 sq. ft. 2 ft. tall.

## Example 1. Native garden for Northern California |
quantity |
sq. ft. each |
subtotal sq. ft. |
price each |
price subtotal |

Arctostaphylos densiflora Sentinel | 3 |
10 |
30 |
8 |
24 |

Arctostaphylos Sonoma Manzanita |
3 |
10 |
30 |
8 |
24 |

Asclepias fascicularis | 3 |
2 |
6 |
8 |
24 |

Ceanothus Snowball |
3 |
10 |
30 |
8 |
24 |

Eriogonium parvifolium | 3 |
10 |
30 |
8 |
24 |

Monardella villosa |
3 |
1 |
3 |
8 |
24 |

Penstemon heterophyllus |
3 |
1 |
3 |
8 |
24 |

Ribes indecorum | 3 |
8 |
24 |
8 |
24 |

Salvia brandegii | 3 |
8 |
24 |
8 |
24 |

Salvia Celesital Blue | 3 |
6 |
18 |
8 |
24 |

Salvia spathacea |
3 |
6 |
18 |
8 |
24 |

Stipa pulchra |
3 |
1 |
3 |
8 |
24 |

Zauschneria californica | 3 |
2 |
6 |
8 |
24 |

Zauschneria catalina | 3 |
2 |
6 |
8 |
24 |

231 sq. ft. |
$336 |

## Example 2. Native Garden for Southern California |
quantity |
sq. ft. each |
subtotal sq. ft. |
price each |
price subtotal |

Arctostaphylos pungens |
1 |
20 |
20 |
8 |
8 |

Asclepias fascicularis | 3 |
2 |
6 |
8 |
24 |

Ceanothus oliganthus |
1 |
20 |
20 |
8 |
8 |

Eriogonium arborescens |
3 |
10 |
30 |
8 |
24 |

Eriogonum fasculatum | 3 |
10 |
30 |
8 |
24 |

Penstemon spectablis | 3 |
4 |
12 |
8 |
24 |

Salvia brandegii | 3 |
8 |
24 |
8 |
24 |

Salvia clevelandii | 3 |
10 |
30 |
8 |
24 |

Salvia munzesi |
3 |
8 |
24 |
8 |
24 |

Sphaeralcea ambigua | 3 |
4 |
12 |
8 |
24 |

Stipa pulchra |
5 |
1 |
5 |
8 |
40 |

Zauschneria cana |
3 |
2 |
6 |
8 |
24 |

Zauschneria catalina | 3 |
2 |
6 |
8 |
24 |

225 sq. ft. |
$296 |

Make a simple flower key. (you really only need a few different flowers for it to become difficult)

Find an insect on a plant.

Press flowers. Show them how to make a simple plant press.

What insect uses which flower and why (hummingbird, bee, butterfly)

What butterfly larva uses what plant?

Calculate how much water is given the garden and covert that to rainfall. Compare to lawn.

Quizzes

Why are the scientific names in italic? What is the difference between scientific names and common names? How are scientific names created?