Perennials, in a row, in front of the subshrubs: Monardella species,
certain Penstemon species, Erigeron species, Hazardia squarrosa,
Isocoma menziesii, Eriophyllum species, Grindelia species, Achillea
millefolium, Heterotheca species, Lessingia species, Astragalus
species, Nassella species, Leymus condensatus, Scrophularia
californica, whew! I could go on, but you get the picture.
Another example in
a moister area could be: Muhlenbergia rigens, Horkelia cuneata, Verbena
lasiostachys, Potentilla glandulosa, Aster chilensis, Solidago species,
Patch should be separate from the linear hedgerows of perennials, and shrubs, and only as large as you can handle (for purposes of weeding,
labor wise). A good spot is sunny, no hose nearby, and a spot you don't
know what to do with. For a garden or orchard, putting the annual wildflower patches at the corners of the garden work really well.
Plant the annuals in a dense patch, 3' by 3' is a good start. The reason for
the small size is the labor and time involved to weed, which will overcome you
if you are not careful.
Dichelostemma (technically a perennial) Lupine species, Eschscholzia
species, Agoseris species, Trifolium species, Lotus species, Monardella
species, Gilia species, Astragalus, species Phacelia species,
Chaenactis species, Hemizonia species, Stephanomeria species,
Trichostema species, Heterotheca species, Lessingia, Gnaphalium, Salvia
species, Lasthenia species, Layia species, and etc., etc., etc.
Examples for Limited Space or Shade Gardens
If your space is
limited, these plants seem to attract the most variety of pollinators:
Arctostaphylos species, Ceanothus species, Salvia
species, Baccharis species, and Achillea millefolium, for the long-term plants, and annuals in
the legume, (Fabaceae), mint (Lamiaceae), waterleaf (Hydrophyllaceae), poppy (Papaveraceae), phlox (Polemoniaceae), mallow (Malvaceae), buckwheat (Polygonaceae), daisy (Asteraceae)
families and more!
If your garden is shady (light shade, as in, under pine trees, widely spaced) you can try shrubs like Arctostaphylos hookeri, A. edmundsii, Ribes species, Spiraea, Ceanothus thyrsiflorus repens, Rhamnus species, Heteromeles arbutifolia, Berberis species (one of the best for the deepest shade), Venegasia carpesioides, , Salvia sonomensis (with or under the Arctostaphylos), Achillea millefolium (sunniest spot you have, but naturally grows in the shade of deciduous oaks), Calystegia species, Carpenteria californica, Cornus species, Ceanothus hearstiorum, Scrophularia californica, Monardella species, Rosa gymnocarpa, Potentilla species, Solidago species, and for annuals, Collinsia species, Trifolium species, Phacelia species, and Clarkia species.