Mission Manzanita is a one of a kind shrub or small tree. The only species of the genera Xylococcus.
(Not to be confused with staphylococcus.) Mission Manzanita is an
evergreen shrub that only grows wild along the coast from Los
Angeles to Baja and on Santa Catalina island.
It looks like a
Manzanita crossed with a coffeeberry. Or maybe a Madrone crossed
with a olive tree. Mission Manzanita has the glossy nut brown bark
of a Manzanita but with extra large manzanita-like flowers and
leaves that look more like coffeeberry than a Manzanita. It
tolerates most soils, but needs perfect drainage. It is native to
rainfall areas of about 15-20 inches/year.
Although I once observed a Mission Manzanita in San Diego that was a
small tree maybe 20 foot tall, that is not common. Most Mission Manzanitas form an
interesting shrub, with nice flowers that the hummingbirds like. Use
as a backdrop to Salvia
clevelandii 'Alpine' and San
Associated plants include; Adenostoma fasciculatum, Ceanothus crassifolius, Cercocarpus betuloides, Diplacus longiflorus, Eriophyllum confertiflorum, Eriogonum
fasciculatum, Heteromeles arbutifolia, Malosma laurina, Prunus ilicifolia, Rhus ovata, Ribes malvaceum, and Salvia mellifera.
Xylococcus bicolor tolerates clay.
Xylococcus bicolor is great for a bird garden.
Foliage of Xylococcus bicolor has color green and is evergreen.
Flower of Xylococcus bicolor has color white.
Fruit of Xylococcus bicolor is edible.