Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), California Huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum),Yerba de Selva (Whipplea modesta), California rose-bay (Rhododendron macrophyllum), Western Sword Fern, (Polystichum munitum) , Redwood Sorrel, (Oxalis oregona),Salmon Berry (Rubus spectabilis), Thimbleberry, (Rubus parviflorus),Wood Rose (Rosa gymnocarpa)
The redwood forest commonly has
sandy soils, usually with hard pan layer down a few feet.
The Redwood Forest is found along the ocean side of the coast ranges of California. It is almost endemic to California with the exception of a small portion in the most extreme south western corner of Oregon. The redwood forest can be found as far south as Monterey county, in coastal canyons. Common species in the Redwood Forest include Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), California rose-bay (Rhododendron macrophyllum), Western Azalea, (Rhododendron occidentale) and Tanbark Oak (Lithocarpus densiflora), The keystone species of the Redwood Forest, the Coast Redwood tree (Sequoia sempervirens), can live for more than a thousand years. The Coast Redwood is the world's tallest tree, reaching in excess of 300 feet tall. It is prized for its lumber which inhibits rot. Its heart wood is filled with its own biological waste which makes it unfavorable to many organisms that usually prey on untreated lumber.
The forest floor is covered with Western Sword Fern, (Polystichum munitum) and Redwood Sorrel, (Oxalis oregona) in the dense shade and Salmon Berry (Rubus spectabilis), Thimbleberry, (Rubus parviflorus) and California Huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum) in more open areas.
very important in the forest. Fallen
trees provide habitat as well as a source of nutrients after
decomposition. On the forest floor it is not uncommon to see ferns and
other small herbaceous plants take root on top of a fallen tree. Young
redwood trees can actually be seen growing out of dead logs.
Redwood is one of the only coniferous
trees that can tolerate burial. In fact it often enjoys the silt
deposited from creeks when flooded; it can often be seen growing in
alluvial fans. When a live redwood falls over it will often just keep
growing even after the original trunk is buried. The original trunk is
similar to an underground rhizome. The coast redwood can also sprout
back from stumps cut by logging or even burned by fire; hence its name
sempervirens, or 'evergreen'. To learn more go to the coast