The Spotted Towhee has some seasonal movements in elevation.
The Spotted Towhee forages for insects and seeds in the leaf liter. During the breeding season birds eat mainly insects or other arthropods high in protein. The rest of the year they eat mostly seeds and berries. They even eat acorns
The Spotted Towhee is a resident in California. It is not found in high elevations, desert areas, or the Central Valley.
Chaparral Pinyon-Juniper woodland
The Spotted Towhee likes dense shrubs to nest and forage under. They also like Oaks and tall shrubs to perch on.
The Spotted Towhee nests on the ground usually under a Scrub oak, Quercus berberidifolia, or Mountain mahogany, Cercocarpus betuloides or other dense shrubs. Ground Squirrels, Scrub Jays, and Snakes prey on eggs and young birds.