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(You can buy books at bottom of page)

(Read some of these and be confused; read all and be overwhelmed.)

Some of our books and references. - grid24_12

Abbott, L.K., and A.D. Robson. 1977. The Distribution and Abundance of Vesicular Arbuscular Endophytes in some Western Australian. 25 pp.515-22

Abbott, L.K. and A.D. Robson. 1982. Infectivity of Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Agricultural soils. Aust. J. of Agric. Res. 33, 1049-59

Abbott, L.K. and A.D. Robson. 1991. Factors influencing the occurrence of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas. Agriculture, Ecosystems and the Envir..35:pp.121-150.

Abrams, Leroy, & R.S. Ferris. 1960. Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States. 4 Vols. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 

Adams, M.B. and E.G. O'Neill. 1991. Effects of Ozone and Acidic Deposition on Carbon Allocation and Mycorrhizal Colonization of Pinus taeda L. Seedlings. For. Sci. 37(1) pp.5-16

Albon, S.D. and R. Langvatn. 1992. Plant phenology and the benefits of migration in a temperate ungulate. Oikos 65: 502-513

Alexander,I.J.. 1983. The Significance of Ectomycorrhizas in the Nitrogen Cycle. in The 22nd Symposium of the British Eco. Soc., McNeill,Lee, Rorison, I.H., Nitrogen as an Ecological Factor, Blackwell Scientific Pub. Oxford, Pages 69-93. 

Ali, Nahia and Richard Jackson. 1988. Effects of Plant Roots and Their Exudates on Germination of Spores of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi. Tran.Br. Mycol. Soc. 91(2) 253-260

Ali, Nahia and Richard Jackson. 1989. Stimulation of germination of spores of some ectomycorrhizal fungi by other micro-organisms. Mycol. Res. 93(2) pp. 182-186

Allen, Edith Bach and Dennis Knight. 1984. The effects of Introduced annuals on Secondary Succession in Sagebrush-Grassland, Wyoming. The Southwestern Naturalist 29(4):407-421.

Allen, Edith. 1988. Some Trajectories of Succession in Wyoming Sagebrush Grassland; Implications for Restoration. in The Reconstruction of Disturbed Arid Lands, an Ecological Approach, Westview Press, Boulder Co., pp. 89-112

Allen, Edith. 1988. Ecological Approaches in Theory and Practice: To what degree is Reconstruction Possible?. in The Reconstruction of Disturbed Arid Lands, an Ecological Approach, Westview Press, Boulder Co., pp. 257-262

Allen, Edith Bach and Michael Allen. 1984. Competition between plants of different successional stages: Mycorrhizae as regulators. Can. J. Botany. 62 pp. 2625-2629

Allen, Michael. 1983. Formation of Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizae in Atriplex Gardneri (Chenopodiaceae): Seasonal Response in a Cold Desert. Mycology 75(5) pp. 773-776

Allen, Michael. 1988. Belowground Structure: A Key to Reconstructing a Productive Arid Ecosystem. in The Reconstruction of Disturbed Arid Lands, an Ecological Approach, Westview Press, Boulder Co., pp. 113-135

Allen, Michael. 1987. Re-establishment of mycorrhizas on Mount St. Helens: Migration Vectors. Trans. Br. Myc. Soc. 88 pp.413-417

Allen, Michael and James MacMahon. 1988. Direct VA Mycorrhizal Inoculation of Colonizing Plants by Pocket Gophers(Thomomys Talpoides) on Mt. St. Helens. Mycologia, 80(5) pp.754-756

Allen, Michael, Steven D. Clouse, Barbara S. Weinbaum, Sherri L. Jeakins, Carl F. Friese, and Edith B. Allen. 1992. Mycorrhizae and the Integration of Scales: From Molecules to Ecosystems. In Mycorrhizal Functioning: an integrative plant-fungal process. ed. by Michael F. Allen.pub. by Chapman and Hall, N.Y. pp. 489-516

Allen-Diaaz, Barbara H.. 1991. Water Table and Plant Species Relationships in Sierra Nevada Meadows. Am. Midl. Nat. 126 pp.30-43

Altman, Jack, Stephen Neate, and Albert Rovira. 1990. Herbicide-Pathogen Interactions and Mycoherbicides as Alternate Strategies for Weed Control. in Microbes and Microbial Products as Herbicides .Hoagland, Robert. American Chem. Soc. pp. 320-329

Alvarez, Isabel and Fields W. Cobb. 1977. Mycorrhizae of Abies concolor in California. Can. J. Botany. 55 pp 1345-1350

Alvarez, Isabel, David Rowney, and Fields Cobb. 1979. Mycorrhizae and growth of White fir seedlings in mineral soil with and without organic layers in a California forest. Can. J. For. Res. 9:311-315. 

Amaranthus, M.P. and Perry, D.A. 1989. Interaction effects of vegetation type and Pacific madrone soil inocula on survival, growth, and mycorrhiza formation of Douglas-fir. Can. J. For. Res. 19:550-556.

Amaranthus, M.P., C.Y. Li and D.A. Perry. 1990. Influence of vegetation type and Madrone soil inoculum on associative nitrogen fixation in Douglas-fir rhizospheres. Can. J. For. Res. 20:368-371

Amaranthus,M.P., J.M. Trappe, and R.J. Molina. 1989. Long-Term Forest Productivity and the Living Soil. in 'Maintaining the Long-Term Productivity of Pacific Northwest Forest Ecosystems. ed. by D.A. Perry, R.Meurisse, B. Thomas, R. Miller, J. Poyle, J. Means, C.R. Perry, and R.F. Powers. Timber Press, Portland Oregon.pp.36-52 

Amaranthus, Michael, James Trappe, and David Perry. 1993. Soil moisture, native revegetation, and pinus

lambertiana seedling survival, growth and mycorrhiza formation following wildfire and grass seeding. Id.net/community/app/moisture2.htm

Amijee,F. and P. Stribley. 1987. Soluble Carbohydrates of Vesicular-arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi. The Mycologist. Jan. 1987,Vol. 21 Part 1, pp.20-21

Anderson, J.M. 1987.Interactions between invertebrates and microorganisms: Noise or necessity for soil processes, In: Ecology of Microbial Communities, Ed. by Fletcher et.al.. The forty-first symposium of the Soc. for General Microbiology. pp. 125-145

Angle, J.S. and J.R. Heckman. 1986.Effect of soil pH and sewage sludge on VA mycorrhizal infection of soybeans. Plant and Soil. 93 pp.437-441

Antisell, Thomas. 1857. Synoptical Tables of Botanyanical Localities. In Reports of Explorations and Surveys to ascertain the most practical and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. Ed. By John Torrey. 33d. Congress, 2d Session. Ex. Doc. No. 91. Vol. 7

Appleby, C.A. 1992. The origin and functions of haemoglobin in plants. Sci. Progress. Oxford. Pp.365-398

Archer, Steve.1990. Development and stability of grass/woody mosaics in a subtropical savanna parkland, Texas, U.S.A.. Journal of Biogeography. 17, pp.453-462

Biogeograph y (1990) 17, 453-462

Arines, J. and A. Vilarino.1991. Growth, micronutrient content and vesicular-arbuscular fungi infection of herbaceous plants on lignite mine spoils: A Greenhouse pot experiment. Plant and Soil.135 pp. 269-273

Armson, K.A. 1977. Forest Soils. University of Toronto Press. Toronto and Buffalo

Arnolds, Eef. 1991. Decline of ectomycorrhiza fungi in Europe. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 35, 209-244

Arroyo, J. and T. Maranon, 1990. Community ecology and distributional spectra of Mediterranean shrublands and heathlands in Southern Spain. Journal of Biogeography Vol. 17. 163-176

Asthana, A. and R.W. Tuveson. 1992 Effects of UV and Phototoxins on selected fungal pathogens of citrus. Int. J. Plant Sci. 153:3 pp 442-452

Atkinson, D. 1983.The growth, activity and distribution of the fruit tree root system. Plant and Soil. 71 pp. 23-35

Atsatt, Peter. 1988. Are Vascular Plants "Inside-Out" Lichens? Ecology 69(1), 1988, pp. 17-23

Audet, P. & C. Charest. 2010. Identification of Constraining Experimental-Design Factors in Mycorrhizzal Pot-Growth Studies. Journal of Botany. 2010,ID718013. 6pp.

Avery,Michael and Charles Van Riper III. 1990. Evaluation of Wildlife-Habitat Relationships Data Base for Predicting Bird Community Composition in Central California Chaparral and Blue Oak Woodlands. California Fish and Games. 76(2):103-117 

Azcon, R.. 1989. Selective interaction between free-living Rhizosphere bacteria and Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Soil Biol. Biochem. Vol. 21, No.5, pp. 639-644

Azcon-Aguilar, Concepcion, Rosa Diaz-Rodriguez and Jose-Miguel Barea. 1986. Effect of Soil Micro-Organisms on Spore Germination and Growth of the Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Glomus Mosseae. Trans. Br. Myc. 86(2), 1986. pp 337-340

Azcon-Aguilar, Concepcion, and Jose -Miguel Barea. 1985. Effect of Soil Micro-Organisms on Formation of Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizas. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 84(3), 1985

Azcon-Aguilar, C. and J.M. Barea. 1992. Interactions between Mycorrhizal Fungi and Other Rhizosphere Microorganisms. In Mycorrhizal Functioning: an integrative plant-fungal process. ed. by Michael F. Allen.pub. by Chapman and Hall, N.Y., pp. 163-195. Bailey,L.H., 1949, Manual of Cultivated Plants, Macmillan Co., New York

Azevedo, Joao Lucio, Wlater Maccheroni, Jose Odair Pereira, Welington Luiz de Araujo. 2000. Endophytic microorganisms: a review on insect control and recent advances on tropical plants. EJB Electric Journal of Biotechnology. Vol. 3 No. 1 pp. 40-65 

Baker, William S., Floyd S. Hayes, Earl W. Lathrop. 1992. Avian Use of Vernal Pools at the Santa Rosa Plateau Preserve, Santa Ana Mountains, California. The Southwestern Naturalist 37(4): 392-403.

F. R. Balding AND G. L. Cunningham, 1974. The influence of Soil Water Potential on The perennial Vegetation of a Desert Arroyo. The Southwestern Naturalist. 

Baldwin, Bruce G. et al. (eds). 2012. The Jepson Manual. pp.1568.

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. 1884. Vol. 18, History of California Vol. I, 1542-1800

Barbour, Michael; Major, Jack,1988, Terrestrial Vegetation of California, Special Publication/California Native Plant Society; No.9

Barry, W.James. 1972. The Central Valley Prairie, Vol. 1. California Prairie Ecosystem. California Dept. of Parks and Recreation.

Bartolome, James, and Barbara Gemmill. 1981. The Ecological Status of Stipa pulchra (Poaceae) in California. Madrono. Vol. 28(3) pp.172-184

Baskin, Jerry and Carol Baskin. 1988. Endemism in rock outcrop plant communities of unglaciated eastern United States: an evaluation of the roles of the edaphic, genetic and light factors. Journal of Biogeography 15 pp.829-840

Bauer, C.R. C.H. Kellogg, S.D. Bridgham, & G.A. Lamberti. 2003. Mycorrhizal Colonization Across Hydrologic Gradients in Restored & Reference Freshwater Wetlands. Wetlands. 23(4). 961-968.

Beach, S.A. 1905. The Apples of New York. NY Dept. Agr. NY. 542pp.

Beebe,Rose Marie , Robert M. Senkewicz; Lands of Promise and Despair: Chronicles of Early California, 1535-1846. Heyday, 2001

Belcher, J.W., P.A. Keddy and L. Twolan-Strutt. 1995. Root and Shoot competition intensity along a soil depth gradient. Journal of Ecology 83, pp.673-682

Belzer, Thomas J.. 1984 Roadside Plants of Southern California, Mountain Press, Missoula

Bengtsson, Goran. 1992. Interactions between fungi, bacteria and beech leaves in a stream microcosm. Oecologia, 89:542-549

Berch, S.M., Gamiet, S. and Deom, E. 1988. Mycorrhizal status of some plants of southwestern British Columbia. Can.J.Botany. 66:1924-1928

Bender, Edward, Ted Case and Michael Gilpin. 1984. Perturbation Experiments in community ecology: Theory nd Practice. Ecology. 65(1) pp. 1-13

Benson, Lyman, Darrow, Robert, 1981, Trees and Shrubs of the Southwestern Deserts, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson

Bentivenga, S.P., and Hetrick, B.A.D..1991, Relationship between mycorrhizal activity, burning, and plant productivity in tall prairie. Can.J.Botany. 69:2597-2602

Berge, Odile, Heulin, T., Achouak, W., Richard, C. Bally, R. and Balandreau, J. 1991. Rahnella aquatilis, a nitrogen fixing enteric bacterium associated with the rhizosphere of wheat and maize. Can. J. Microbiol. 37 pp.195-203

Berliner, R. and John Torrey. 1989. Studies on mycorrhizal associations in Harvard Forest, Massachusetts. Can.J.Botany. 67:2245-2251

Bertoni, M.D.:Levin, L. 1997. Nutritional requirements for growth of an endophyte: Ceratopycnidium baccharidicola. Revista Argentina de Microbiologia, Vol. 29, Issue 3 pp. 131-136 

Best, Catherine, J.T. Howell, W. & I. Knight, and M. Wells. 1996. A Flora of Sonoma County. California Native Plant Society. Sacramento, California. 347 pp.

Best, Troy L. and Richard A. Smartt. 1986. Feeding Ecology of Mourning Doves ( Zenaida macroura) in Southeastern New Mexico. The Southwestern Naturalist 31(1): 33-38. 

Bethlenfalay, Gabor J., and R.G. Linderman. 1992. Preface. in Mycorrhizae in Sustainable Agriculture. ed. by G.J. Bethlenfalvay and R.G. Linderman . ASA Special Publication. no.54. pp.iix-xiii

Bethlenfalvay, G.J., R.A. Evans, and A.L. Lesperance. 1985. Mycorrhizal Colonization of Crested Wheatgrass as Influenced by Grazing. Agronomy Journal 77 pp. 233-236

Bhat, K. K. S.. 1983. Nutrient inflows into apple roots. Plant and Soil. 71 pp. 371-380

Bissett, J. and D. Parkinson. 1979. Functional relationships between soil fungi and environment in alpine tundra. Can. J. Botany. 51:1642-1659.

Black, R., The role of mycorrhizal symbiosis in the nutrition of tropical plants. Mikola, P., Ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1980

Blake, John G. 1984. A Seasonal Analysis of Bird Communities in Southern Nevada. The Southwestern Naturalist 29(4): 463-474. 

Bloss, Earl. 1985. Symbiotic Microflora and their Role in the Ecology of Desert Plants. in Arid Lands, Taday and Tomorrow. ed. Emily Whitehead, Charles Hutchinson, Barbara Timmermann and Robert Varady. Westview Press. Boulder Colorado

Blundon, D.J., MacIsaac, D.A, and Dale, M.R.T.. 1993. Nucleation during primary succession in the Canadian Rockies. Can. J. Of Botany. 71 pp. 1093-1096

Boerner, R.E.J. and Kathleen Harris. 1991. Effects of Collembola(Arthropoda) and relative germination date on competition between Panicum virgatum(Poaceae) and non-mycorrhizal Brassica nigra (Brassicaceae). Plant and Soil 136 pp.121-129

Bohl, W.H. & S.B Johnson, eds. 2010. Commercial Potato Production in N.A. The Potato Association of America Handbook.

Bongers, Tom. 1990. The Maturity index: and ecological measure of environmental disturbance based on nematode species composition. Oecologia. 83 pp. 12-19 r s

Bonham, Charles and Stephen Mack. 1990. Root Distributions of Eurotia lanata in association with two species of Agropyron on Disturbed Soils. Botany. Gaz. 151(4) pp.522-527. 

Borchers, S.L. and D.A. Perry. 1990. Growth and ectomycorrhiza formation of Douglas-fir seedlings grown in soils collected at different distances from pioneering hardwoods in southwest Oregon clear-cuts. Can. J. For. Res. 20: 712-721.

Bossard, C.C. 1991. The role of Habitat Disturbance, Seed Predation and Ant Dispersal on Establishment of the Exotic Shrub Cytisus scoparius in California. The American Midland Naturalist. 126:1-13

Boudot, J.P. and Th. Chone. 1985. Internal Nitrogen cycling in Two Humic-Rich Acidic Soils. Soil Biol.Biochem., Vol.17, No.2 pp. 135-142 

Bowen, G.D., Mineral of Ectomycorrhizae in, Marks,G.C.and T.T. Kozlowski, 1973, Ectomycorrhizae, Their Ecology and Physiology, Academic Press, New York and London, pages 151-205

Bowen, G. D..1980. Mycorrhizal roles in tropical plants and Ecosystems, in Tropical Mycorrhiza Research ,Mikola, P., Ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford.165-187.

Bowen,G.D. and C. Theodorou, 1973,Fungal Growth around Seeds and Roots, in Ectomycorrhizae, G.C.Marks and T.T. Kozlowski, Academic Press, London, pages 107-150

Bowen,G.D. and C. Theodorou.1979. Interactions between Bacteria and Ectomycorrhizal Fungi. Soil Biol. Biochem. 11:119-126

Bowyer, R. Terry. 1986. Habitat Selection by Southern Mule Deer. California Fish & Game. 72(3): 153-169. 

Box, Thadis Jeff Powell and D. Lynn Drawe. 1967. Influence of Fire on South Texas Chaparral Communities. Ecology 48(6) pp.955-960

Boyle, C.David and Klaus Hellenbrand. 1991. Assessment of the effect of mycorrhizal fungi on drought tolerance pf conifer seedlings. Can. J. Botany. 69 pp. 1764-1771

Breininger, D.R. and P.A. Schmalzer. 1990. Effects of fire and Disturbance on Plants and Birds in a Florida Oak/Palmetto Scrub Community. Am. Midl. Nat. 123 pp. 64-74

Brookes, P.C., D.S. Powlson and D.S. Jenkinson. 1985. The microbial biomass in soil. In Ecol. Interactions in Soil. Fitter et.al. Blackwell

Brown, Bryan T. 1992. Density of Nesting Peregrine Falcons in Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona. The Southwestern Naturalist 37(2):188-193. Falco peregrinus anatum, 

Brownlee, C. and J.A. Duddridge, A. Malibari, and D.J. Read. 1983. The structure and function of mycelia systems of ectomycorrhizal roots with special reference to their role in forming inter-plant connections and providing pathways for assimilate and water transport. Plant and Soil, 71 pp. 433-443

Brundrett, M. 1991. Mycorrhizas in Natural Ecosystems. In Advances in Ecological Research, Vol. 21. Academic Press San Diego, Ca. 92101. Pp. 171-261

Buckner, C.H. 1966. The Role of Vertebrate Predators in the Biological Control of Forest Insects. Annual Review of Entomology. 11. 449-470.

Burchill, C.A. and Kenkel, N.C. 1991. Vegetation-environment relationships of an inland boreal salt pan. Can. J. Botany. 69: 722-732.

Burgett, M. 1980. Pollination of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) Grown for Seed. Journal of Apicultural Research. 19(1). pp. 79-82.

Burke, M. J. W. and J. P. Grime 1996. An Experimental Study of Plant Community Invasibility. Ecology 77:776–790

Brundrett, Mark and Bryce Kendrick.1988. The mycorrhizal status, root anatomy, and phenology of plants in a sugar maple forest. Can. J. Botany. 66:1153-1173

Burnett, J. H., 1968, Fundamentals of Mycology, New York, Saint Martins Press.

Burns, R.G. and Julie Davies. 1986. Microbiology of Soil Structure. in The role of microorganisms in a sustainable agriculture: selected papers from the second International Conference on Biological Agriculture, University of London, Wye College, Wye, Kent, U.K. pp. 10-25.


Buwalda, J.G. and K.M. Goh. 1982. Host-Fungus competitions for Carbon as a cause of growth depressions in vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal ryegrass. Soil Biol. Biochem. Vol. 14, pp. 103-106

Cabrillo, Juan Rodriguez. The Discovery of Upper California. Early California Travels Series. XLI. Special Collections. Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo.

Carleton, T.J. and D.J. Read, 1991, Ectomycorrhizas and nutrient transfer in conifer-feather moss ecosystems. Can.J.Botany. 69:778-785

Carling, D.E. and M.F. Brown. 1982. Anatomy and Physiology of Vesicular-Arbuscular and Nonmycorrhizal Roots. Phytopathology. 72(8) pp. 1108-1114

Carpenter, Steven, James Trappe, and Josph Ammirati. 1987. Observations of Fungal succession in the Mount St. Helens devastation zone, 1980-1983. Can. J. Botany. 65 pp.716-728

Carroll, George. 1988. Fungal Endophytes in Stems and Leaves: From Latent Pathogen to Mutualistic Symbiont. Ecology 69(1) pp. 2-9

Case, Ronald M. and B.A. Jasch. 2005. Pocket Gophers. http://icwdm.org/handbook/rodents/pocketgophers.asp

Case, Ted. 1990. Invasion resistance arises in strongly interaction species-rich model competition communities. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. Vol. 87. pp. 9610-9614. Dec. 1990, Ecology.

Castellano, Michael and James Trappe.1985. Mycorrhizal assoc. of five species of Monoropoideae in Oregon. Mycologia, 77(3), pp.499-502

Chang, Mayland and David Lynn. 1987. Plant Recognition: Chemistry-Mediating Host Identification in the Scrophulariaceae Root Parasites. in Allelochemicals: Role in Agriculture and Forestry. American Chemical Society, Wash., D.C. 330. pp.552-560.

Chiarello,Niona, James Hickman, and Harold A. Mooney. 1982.Endomycorrhizal Role for Interspecific Transfer of Phosphorus in a Community of Annual Plants. Vol. 217, 3 Sept.:pp. 941-943

Childers, Norman. 1975. Modern Fruit Science. Rutgers University, New Jersey. 976pp.

Childs, S.W. S.P. Shade, D.W.R. Miles, E. Sheppard, and H.A. Froehlich. 1989. Soil Physical Properties: Importance to Long-Term Forest Productivity. in 'Maintaining the Long-Term Productivity of Pacific Northwest Forest Ecosystems. ed. by D.A. Perry, R.Meurisse, B. Thomas, R. Miller, J. Poyle, J. Means, C.R. Perry, and R.F. Powers. Timber Press, Portland Oregon. pp. 53-66

Christensen, Martha. 1969. Soil Microfungi of Dry to Mesic Conifer-Hardwood Forests in Northern Wisconsin. Ecology 50(1) pp.9-18

Clark, Catherine, J.David Miller, and Norman Whitney. 1989. Toxicity of conifer needle endophytes to spruce budworm. Mycol. Res. 93;4 pp. 508-512

Clay, Keith. 1988. The impact of parasitic and mutualistic fungi on competitive interactions among plants. Amer. J. Botany. 75(6) p. 64

Clay, Keith. 1988. Fungal Endophytes of Grasses: A defensive Mutualism between plants and Fungi. Ecology, Vol. 69, No. 1. pp. 10-16

Clay, Keith. 1989. Clavicipitaceous endophytes of grasses: their potential as biocontrol agents. Mycol. Res. 92(1) pp.1-12

Clay, Keith. 1990. Fungal Endophytes of Grasses. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 21:275-297.

Clay, Keith. 1993. The ecology and evolution of endophytes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 44(1993) 39-64

Clay, Keith. 2004. Fungi and the fruit of the gods. Nature. 427: 401-402.

Clement, S.L., B.C. Hellier, L.R. Elberson, R.T. Staska, & M.A. Evans. 2007. Flies (Diptera: Muscidae: Calliphoridae) Are Efficient Pollinators of Allium ampeloprasum L. (Alliaceae) in Field Cages. Journal of Economic Entomology. 100(1): 131-135.

Clements, Frederic. 1928. Plant Successions and Indicators. H.W. Wilson Co. New York. This work is worth a review, much is out-dated but much is still interesting.

Cohen, Jack D. ,1999. Reducing the Wildland Fire Threat to Homes: Where and How Much? pp 188-194, Proceedings of the Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Bottom Lines USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-173.

Cohen, J. E., T. Luczak, C.M. Newman and Z. -M. Zhou. 1990. Stochastic structure and nonlinear dynamics of food webs: qualitative stability in a Lotka-Volterra cascade model. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 240, pp. 607-627

Cole, Blaine. 1991. Is animal behavior chaotic? Evidence from the activity of ants. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 244, pp.253-259

Coleman, David, D.A. Crossley, M.H. Beare, and P.F. Hendrix. 1988. Interactions of Organisms at Root/Soil and Litter/Soil Interfaces in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Agri.,Ecosystems and Environment, 24:117-134

Coleman, D.C., C.P.P. Reid and C.V. Cole.1984. Biological Strategies of Nutrient Cycling in Soil Systems. in Ad. in Eco. Res. ed. by Macfadynen and Ford, pp. 1-43

Collins, B.S. and G.R. Wein. 1990, Seed Bank and colonization space effects on a community of five old-field herbs. Am. J. Botany. 77 p. 53 Abstract # 136 

Cook, R. James. 1985, Biological Control of Plant Pathogens: Theory to Application, Phytopathology, Vol. 75, No. 1

Cook, R. J. 1988, Management of the environment for the control of pathogens. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 318, pages 171-181

Cooper, Charles. 1960. Changes in Vegetation, Structure, and Growth of South-Western Pine Forests Since White Settlement. Ecological Monographs. 

Corbett, E.S. and Crouse, R.P. 1968. Rainfall interception by annual grass and chaparral. USDA Forest Serv. Res. Paper PSW-48 {this one shows twice as much runoff comes from grassland than chaparral.]

Corbett, Edward and Raymond Rice. 1966. Soil Slippage Increased by Brush Conversion. U.S. Forest Service notes PSW No.128 [What a disaster!]

Crawley, M.J., Succeeding in the Sand Dunes. 1993. Nature. Vol. 362. 4 pp. 17-18

Critchfield, William B. & James R. Griffin. 1976. The Distribution of Forest Trees in California. U.S.D.A. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. Berkeley, California. 118 pp.

Cromack, Kermit. 1981. Below-Ground Processes in Forest Succession. in Forest Succession. Concepts and applications. Springer-Verlag, New York, ed. by D.C. Westm H.H. Shugart, and D.Botanykin.pp. 361-373

Cronquist, Arthur, A.H. Holmgren, N.H. Holmgren, J. L. Reveal, & P.K. Holmgren. 1984. Intermountain Flora- Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A. The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, N.Y. 6 Vols. 

Crossley, D.A. Jr. and David C. Coleman. 1991. "Introduction"(Microbial communities, activities and Biomass). Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 34 pp 1-33

Crossley, D.A., Jr., Coleman, D.C. and Hendrix, P.F. 1989. The importance of the fauna in agricultural soils: research approaches and perspectives. Agric. Eco. Envir. 27:47-55

Crowder, David W., Northfield, T.D., Strand, M.R., Snyder, W.E. 2010. Organic Agriculture Promotes Evenness and Natural Pest Control. Nature. 7302(466). 109-112.

Crowell, Hugh, and Ralph Boerner, Influences of Mycorrhizae and Phosphorus on belowground competition between two old-field annuals., Envir. and Exper. Botanyany, Vol. 28, No.4,pp. 381-392, 1988

Crum, Howard Alvin. 1988. A focus on peatlands and peatmoss. Howard Crum in Collaboration with Sandra Planisek. Univer. of Mich. Press

Cuenca, Gisela and Milagros Lovera. 1992. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in disturbed and revegetated sites from La Gran Sabana, Venezuela. Can. J. Botany. 70 pp. 73-79

Curl, Elroy. 1988. The role of soil microfauna in Plant-Disease Suppression. Volume 7, Issue 3

Curry, J.P. and J.A.. Good. 1992. Soil Faunal Degradation and Restoration. in Advances in Soil Science Volume 17, pp. 171-187

Curtis, Charles Lane. 1989. Soil Erosion from ryegrass seeded plots in burned chaparral. unpublished Master Thesis, Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo.

Cutter, Donald. 1957. Diary of Ensign Gabriel Moraga's Expedition of Discovery in the Sacramento Valley 1808. Published by Glen Dawson. 1957 

D'Antonio, Carla M. "Mechanisms Controlling Invasion of Coastal Plant Communities by the Alien Succulent Carpobrotus Edulis" Ecology, 74(1), 1993, pp.83-95.

Daddy, F., M.J. Trlica, and C.D. Bonham.1988, Vegetation and soil water differences among big sagebrush communities with different grazing histories. The Southwestern Naturalist.33(4) pp. 413-424

Dahlberg, Anders and Elna Stenstrom. 1991. Dynamic changes in nursery and indigenous mycorrhiza of Pinus sylvestris seedlings planted out in forest and clearcuts. Plant and Soil. Vol. 136, pp.73-86

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The Ingham studies are somewhat limited because Aluminum containers were used. Aluminum favors bacteria and some forms of VA over others.

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[Tilman and his group keep trying to prove all plants follow Ruderal strategies. The explanations listed in this article are one-dimensional and look at natural systems as anarchistic instead of mutualistic.]

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www.bugguide.net Many of the insect photographs on www.laspilitas.com were identified with the help of. Thank you!


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