Salt can be in many forms but usually it is considered Sodium Chloride.
It is commonly from salt water either from spray from the breakers of
from an old sea bed. Sometimes these old seabeds are not where you
think they should be, like a hundred miles from the ocean.
Sometimes the salt is in the form of Calcium, that is usually not
nearly the big deal that sodium is. Some places there are plants
growing in 10,000 parts per million Calcium. Not great looking plants
and usually halophytes, but there are plants. Sodium on the other hand
starts knocking out plants at maybe 250 ppm., at 1000 ppm there is not
going to be much there except maybe kelp and maybe saltbush
I do not know of any easy way to 'fix' high salt soils. If you have
high rainfall or a good clean source(low sodium) of water you can cover
the ground with mulch and water heavily a few times to drive the salt
down below your crop. This takes a lot of mulch and a lot of water.
Sometime gypsum will help, but often only for a little while and the
salt is back.
Classic signs of high sodium are halophytes or plants with black leaf